Liberalism

PDF EBook by Ludwig von Mises

EBook Description

This is Mises's classic statement in defense of a free society, one of the last statements of the old liberal school and a text from which we can continue to learn. Liberalism PDF EBook It has been the conscience of a global movement for liberty for 80 years. This new edition features a new foreword by Thomas Woods.

Liberalism first appeared in 1927, as a follow- PDFup to both Mises's devastating 1922 book showing that socialism would fail and his 1926 book criticizing interventionism. It was written to address the burning question, If not socialism, and if not fascism or interventionism, what form of social arrangements is most conducive to human flourishing? Mises's answer, summed up in the title, is classical liberalism.

Mises did more than restate classical-liberal doctrine. He gave a thoroughly modern defense of freedom, one that corrected the errors of the old liberal school by rooting the idea of liberty in the institution of private property (a subject on which the classical school was sometimes unclear). That is the grand contribution of this volume.

"The program of liberalism, therefore, if condensed into a single word, would have to read: property, that is, private ownership of the means of production. … All the other demands of liberalism result from this fundamental demand."

But there are other insights too. He shows that political decentralization and secession are the best means to peace and political liberty. As for religion, he recommends the complete separation of church and state. On immigration, he favors the freedom of movement. On culture, he praised the political virtue of tolerance. On education, state involvement must end — completely.

He deals frankly with the nationalities problem, and provides a stirring defense of rationalism as the essential foundation of liberal political order. He discusses political strategy, and the relationship of liberalism to special-interest politics.

In some ways, this is the most political of Mises's treatises, and also one of the most inspiring books ever written on the idea of liberty. It remains a book that can set the world on fire for freedom, which is probably why it has been translated into more than a dozen languages.

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